MCQ’s on World Heritage Sites in English and Hindi with answers

World Heritage Sites are some of the most extraordinary places to visit and learn about. These places are generally landmarks like Historical landmarks, Cultural landmarks, Natural landmarks, Industrial landmarks, Protected natural areas and historical routes. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisations (UNESCO) has certain criteria set for a ...

By GyanOK

World Heritage Sites are some of the most extraordinary places to visit and learn about. These places are generally landmarks like Historical landmarks, Cultural landmarks, Natural landmarks, Industrial landmarks, Protected natural areas and historical routes. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisations (UNESCO) has certain criteria set for a site to be included in the World Heritage Site list. To know more about what these parameters are read the following article and access the rest of your knowledge by giving the mcq quiz provided below. 

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MCQ's on World Heritage Sites in English and Hindi with answers
MCQ’s on World Heritage Sites in English and Hindi with answers

World Heritage Sites 2024 Quiz 

The following quiz will help you understand and test your existing knowledge of heritage sites worldwide. Consider giving them all!

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No. of World Heritage Sites: Country-Wise List

 The Heritage sites recorded by UNESCO as of 20 April 2023 are about 1157 present in 167 countries. These locations are in various countries, from Albania to Zimbwaebe with variable amounts of destinies. Such destinations are tourist-centric because of having the label of being a world heritage site. Which is quite reasonable as it can be pretty challenging to make it into the UNESCO World Heritage Site List. The metrics required to be able to become a world heritage site are listed as follows: 

  1. To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius.
  2. To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over some time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.
  3. To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.
  4. To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.
  5. To be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land use, or sea use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable to the impact of irreversible change.
  6. To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).
  7. To contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.
  8. To be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth’s history, including the record of life, significant ongoing geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features.
  9. To contain the most significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.

Following we have provided a list consisting of the total no. of sites present in a country along with its region. 

S.No.CountryTotal sitesUNESCO region
1Afghanistan4Asia and the Pacific
2Albania4Europe and North America
3Algeria7Arab States
4Andorra1Europe and North America
5Angola1Africa
6Antigua and Barbuda1Latin America and the Caribbean
7Argentina11Latin America and the Caribbean
8Armenia3Europe and North America
9Australia20Asia and the Pacific
10Austria12Europe and North America
11Azerbaijan3Europe and North America
12Bahrain3Arab States
13Bangladesh3Asia and the Pacific
14Barbados1Latin America and the Caribbean
15Belarus4Europe and North America
16Belgium15Europe and North America
17Belize1Latin America and the Caribbean
18Benin2Africa
19Bolivia7Latin America and the Caribbean
20Bosnia and Herzegovina4Europe and North America
21Botswana2Africa
22Brazil23Latin America and the Caribbean
23Bulgaria10Europe and North America
24Burkina Faso3Africa
25Cambodia3Asia and the Pacific
26Cameroon2Africa
27Canada20Europe and North America
28Cape Verde1Africa
29Central African Republic2Africa
30Chad2Africa
31Chile7Latin America and the Caribbean
32China56Asia and the Pacific
33Colombia9Latin America and the Caribbean
34Congo1Africa
35Costa Rica4Latin America and the Caribbean
36Côte d’Ivoire5Africa
37Croatia10Europe and North America
38Cuba9Latin America and the Caribbean
39Cyprus3Europe and North America
40Czech Republic16Europe and North America
41Democratic Republic of the Congo5Africa
42Denmark10Europe and North America
43Dominica1Latin America and the Caribbean
44Dominican Republic1Latin America and the Caribbean
45Ecuador5Latin America and the Caribbean
46Egypt7Arab States
47El Salvador1Latin America and the Caribbean
48Eritrea1Africa
49Estonia2Europe and North America
50Ethiopia9Africa
51Fiji1Asia and the Pacific
52Finland7Europe and North America
53France49Europe, North America
54Gabon2Africa
55Gambia2Africa
56Georgia4Europe and North America
57Germany51Europe and North America
58Ghana2Africa
59Greece18Europe and North America
60Guatemala3Latin America and the Caribbean
61Guinea1Africa
62Haiti1Latin America and the Caribbean
63Honduras2Latin America and the Caribbean
64Hungary8Europe and North America
65Iceland3Europe and North America
66India40Asia and the Pacific
67Indonesia9Asia and the Pacific
68Iran26Asia and the Pacific
69Iraq6Arab States
70Ireland2Europe and North America
71Israel9Europe and North America
72Italy58Europe and North America
73Jamaica1Latin America and the Caribbean
74Japan25Asia and the Pacific
75Jerusalem (proposed by Jordan)1 
76Jordan6Arab States
77Kazakhstan5Asia and the Pacific
78Kenya7Africa
79Kiribati1Asia and the Pacific
80Kyrgyzstan3Asia and the Pacific
81Laos3Asia and the Pacific
82Latvia2Europe and North America
83Lebanon6Arab States
84Lesotho1Africa
85Libya5Arab States
86Lithuania4Europe and North America
87Luxembourg1Europe and North America
88Madagascar3Africa
89Malawi2Africa
90Malaysia4Asia and the Pacific
91Mali4Africa
92Malta3Arab States
93Marshall Islands1Asia and the Pacific
94Mauritania2Arab States
95Mauritius2Africa
96Mexico35Latin America and the Caribbean
97Moldova1Europe and North America
98Micronesia1Asia and the Pacific
99Mongolia5Asia and the Pacific
100Montenegro4Europe and North America
101Morocco9Arab States
102Mozambique1Africa
103Myanmar2Asia and the Pacific
104Namibia2Africa
105Nepal4Asia and the Pacific
106Netherlands12Europe and North America
107New Zealand3Asia and the Pacific
108Nicaragua2Latin America and the Caribbean
109Niger3Africa
110Nigeria2Africa
111North Korea2Asia and the Pacific
112North Macedonia2Europe and North America
113Norway8Europe and North America
114Oman5Arab States
115Pakistan6Asia and the Pacific
116Palau1Asia and the Pacific
117Palestine3Arab States
118Panama5Latin America and the Caribbean
119Papua New Guinea1Asia and the Pacific
120Paraguay1Latin America and the Caribbean
121Peru13Latin America and the Caribbean
122Philippines6Asia and the Pacific
123Poland17Europe and North America
124Portugal17Europe and North America
125Qatar1Arab States
126Romania9Europe and North America
127Russia30Europe and North America
128Saint Kitts and Nevis1Latin America and the Caribbean
129Saint Lucia1Latin America and the Caribbean
130San Marino1Europe and North America
131Saudi Arabia6Arab States
132Senegal7Africa
133Serbia5Europe and North America
134Seychelles2Africa
135Singapore1Asia and the Pacific
136Slovakia8Europe and North America
137Slovenia5Europe and North America
138Solomon Islands1Asia and the Pacific
139South Africa10Africa
140South Korea15Asia and the Pacific
141Spain49Europe and North America
142Sri Lanka8Asia and the Pacific
143Sudan3Arab States
144Suriname2Latin America and the Caribbean
145Sweden15Europe and North America
146Switzerland13Europe and North America
147Syria6Arab States
148Tajikistan2Asia and the Pacific
149Tanzania7Africa
150Thailand6Asia and the Pacific
151Togo1Africa
152Tunisia8Arab States
153Turkey19Europe and North America
154Turkmenistan3Asia and the Pacific
155Uganda3Africa
156Ukraine8Europe and North America
157United Kingdom33Europe and North America
158United States24Europe and North America
159United Arab Emirates1Arab States
160Uruguay3Latin America and the Caribbean
161Uzbekistan5Asia and the Pacific
162Vanuatu1Asia and the Pacific
163Vatican City2Europe and North America
164Venezuela3Latin America and the Caribbean
165Vietnam8Asia and the Pacific
166Yemen5Arab States
167Zambia1Africa
168Zimbabwe5Africa
Total1671157 167 State Parties 

List of World Heritage Sites in India

India, with its unique cultural and natural heritage sites, makes the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites with no. 6th position worldwide. India has total 40 heritage sites to its name and these are present in about 18 states. The highest no. of sites are recorded in the state of Maharashtra, with 5 of them namely Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves, Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai. The Heritage Sites present in India are mostly cultural, which are 32 in number, 1 mixed and 7 Natural. These sites reflects our diverse history, religion and tradition embodying centruries of artistic excellence. The recent site recorded in India was Dholavira in 2021. India has one tentative list which will be recommended with the hope of them qualifying as World Heritage Site. 

The name of the sites along with the state it’s situated in is provided in the list given below. 

S. No.Site Name State
1Ajanta CavesMaharashtra
2Ellora CavesMaharashtra
3Agra FortUttar Pradesh
4Taj MahalUttar Pradesh
5Sun Temple, KonârakOdisha
6Mahabalipuram TamilTamil Nadu
7Kaziranga National ParkAssam
8Manas Wildlife SanctuaryAssam
9Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan
10Churches and Convents of GoaGoa
11Khajuraho Group of MonumentsMadhya Pradesh
12Group of Monuments at HampiKarnataka
13Fatehpur SikriUttar Pradesh
14Group of Monuments at PattadakalKarnataka
15Elephanta CavesMaharashtra
16Great Living Chola TemplesTamil Nadu
17Sundarbans National ParkWest Bengal
18Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National ParksUttarakhand
19Sanchi MadhyaMadhya Pradesh
20 Delhi
21Qutb Minar and its Monuments, DelhiDelhi
22Mountain Railways of IndiaWest Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
23Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh GayaBihar
24Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaMadhya Pradesh
25Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)Maharashtra
26Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkGujarat
27Red Fort ComplexDelhi
28The Jantar Mantar, JaipurRajasthan
29Western GhatsMaharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
30Hill Forts of RajasthanRajasthan
31Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkGujarat
32Great Himalayan National Park Conservation AreaHimachal Pradesh
33Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, BiharBihar
34Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim
35The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement*Chandigarh
36Historic City of AhmadabadGujarat
37Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of MumbaiMaharashtra
38Jaipur City, RajasthanRajasthan
39Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, TelanganaTelangana
40Dholavira: a Harappan CityGujarat