Daily Current Affairs Notes for 31-Oct-2022 By GyanOK.com

31 October 2022

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day 2022: All you need to know

National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas 2022:
  • The National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated every year on October 31st to commemorate the birth anniversary of India’s first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. This year will mark the 147th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who is also known as the Iron Man of India.
National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas 2022: Significance
  • The Rashtriya Ekta Diwas provides an opportunity to reaffirm the inherent strength and resilience of our nation towards upholding the unity, integrity, and security of our country. In honour of Sardar Vallabhbha Patel, the government of India constructed the world’s tallest statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel near the Narmada River in
  • Gujarat which symbolizes the strength of unity in India. The main objective of the celebration is to uplift the nation’s unity and spread awareness about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s contribution to Indian history.
National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas 2022: History
  • The Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day was introduced by the Indian government in 2014 to pay tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on his birth anniversary for his extraordinary work in keeping India united. The first Rashtriya Ekta Diwas event was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who flagged of a program, ‘Run for Unity’ in New Delhi in 2014
About Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel:
  • He was born on 31st October 1875 in Nadiad, Gujarat.
  • He was the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of independent India.
  • He played an important role in the integration of many Indian princely states to make an Indian federation.
  • At the time of independence, he played a key role in convincing several princely states to align with the Indian Union. He also worked hard as a social leader for the independence of India.
  • After the signing of the Gandhi–Irwin Pact, Patel was elected president of Congress for its 1931 session (Karachi).
  • Women of Bardoli bestowed the title ‘Sardar’ on Vallabhbhai Patel, which means ‘a Chief or a Leader’.
  • He is recognized as the real unifier of India for his colossal contribution to integrating and making India a united (Ek Bharat) and an independent nation.
  • He requested the people of India to live together by uniting in order to create Shresth Bharat (Foremost India).
  • He is also remembered as the ‘Patron saint of India’s civil servants as he established the modern all-India services system.
  • The Statue of Unity at Kevadiya in the Narmada district of Gujarat (2018) was built in his honour.

“Delhi University – Celebrating 100 Glorious Years” authored by Hardeep Singh Puri

  • Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India(GOI), Hardeep Singh Puri has authored a new book titled “DELHI UNIVERSITY: Celebrating 100 Glorious Years”. The Book is Published by Rupa Publications India. Amitabh Bachchan, Indian Actor, has written the foreword of the book. This Book Highlights the viewpoints of Universities most distinguished alumni and faculty of 15 contributors.
The Essence of the book:
  • Delhi University: Celebrating 100 Glorious Years is an eclectic collection of personal narratives and reflections of some of the University’s most distinguished alumni and faculty—Amitabh Bachchan, Kiren Rijiju, Dinesh Singh, Meenakshi Gopinath, Shashi Tharoor, Bibek Debroy, Imtiaz Ali, Raian Karanjawala, Sanjeev Sanyal, Arnab Goswami, Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud, Lakshmi Puri, Namita Gokhale and Vijay Shekhar Sharma.
  • Together, with editor Hardeep S. Puri, they celebrate the inimitable essence of DU—from its rich history, ethos and vibrant student life to its remarkable contribution to society and culture, both in India and across the globe.

India to Hold Mega ‘Yudh Abhyas’ Military Drill With US Near China Border

Indian and US militaries to conduct the battalion-level “Yudh Abhyas” exercise between 15th November 2022 to 2nd December 2022. The Yudh Abhyas will be held at Auli in Uttarakhand which from just 100 km from the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The member countries of the “Quad” will conduct the Malabar exercise off Yokosuka in Japan between 8th November 2022 to 18th November 2022. The “Quad” member countries include India, Australia, Japan, and the US. The Quad has declared that it would “deter” any “coercion” in the Indo-Pacific. “Yudh Abhyas” will include high-altitude warfare drills.

Key Points related to Yudh Abhyas
  • In the Yudh Abhyas military drill around 350 soldiers from each country are expected to participate.
  • The soldiers will witness the employment of integrated battle groups in mountains and extremely cold climates, along with heliborne elements in cold climates.
  • In August, the US and Indian forces conducted the “Vajra Prahar” exercise at Bakloh in Himachal Pradesh.
  • The “Vajra Prahar” involved the special forces of the two countries.
  • India to conduct the “Autra-Hind” infantry combat exercise at the Mahajan range in Rajasthan between 28th November 2022 to 11 December 2022.

RRR won best International Film at Saturn Awards 2022

The ace filmmaker SS Rajamouli’s, which recently hit the screens in Japan, has won its first major international honour. The biggie won the ‘Best International Film’ honour at the Saturn Awards 2022, which were held in Los Angeles. RRR is a period drama which features Jr NTR and Ram Charan as the parallel leads. RRR, which grossed nearly Rs 1,200 crore at the worldwide box office, has bagged its first major international honour.

  • SS Rajamouli’s magnum opus bagged the award for ‘Best International Film’ at the Saturn Awards 2022. RRR beat titles like Downton Abbey: A New Era, Eiffel, I’m Your Man, Riders of Justice, and Silent Night to take home the award for the best international film at the 2022 awards.
  • Notably: RRR was also nominated in the best film direction and best action/adventure film categories. In the first, SS Rajamouli lost out to Matt Reeves, who won the award for The Batman.
All about “RRR”:
  • RRR is a period drama that features Jr NTR and Ram Charan as the tribal leader Komaram Bheem, and the revolutionary Alluri Sita Rama Raju, respectively. The fictional saga deals with their friendship and highlights their fight against oppression. The film marks Alia Bhatt’s Tollywood debut. The ensemble cast includes Ajay Devgn, Shriya Saran, Samuthirakani, Ray Stevenson, Makarand Deshpande, and Olivia Morris, among others.

About the Saturn Awards:

  • Saturn Awards are presented by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films, awarding films in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and other genres belonging to genre fiction in films, TV, as well as streaming. The Saturn Awards were created in 1973 and were originally referred to as Golden Scrolls.

WHO Releases First-Ever List of Fungal Infection, Flags Global Health Threat

The World Health Organisation (WHO) released the first-ever list of fungal infections — “priority pathogens”. The fungal priority pathogens list (FPPL) includes 19 fungi that represent the greatest threat to human health. The UN body warned that some strains are increasingly drug-resistant and are growing at an alarming rate.

What The WHO Said:
  • The WHO  said that fungal infections are becoming increasingly resistant to treatment and can be dangerous to mankind due to a lack of focus, lack of surveillance, treatments and diagnostics. “Emerging from the shadows of the bacterial antimicrobial resistance pandemic, fungal infections are growing, and are ever more resistant to treatments, becoming a public health concern worldwide,” said Dr Hanan Balkhy, WHO Assistant Director-General, Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).
Three Different Kinds Of Fungal Pathogens:
  • The WHO FPPL is divided into three categories — critical, high and medium priority. These fungal pathogens are ranked in each priority category based on their impact on public health and/or emerging antifungal resistance risk. The critical group includes Candida auris, which is a highly drug-resistant fungi, Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Candida albicans. The high priority group includes a number of other fungi from the Candida family as well as others such as Mucorales, a group containing “black fungus“, an infection which rose rapidly in seriously ill people, particularly in India, during Covid-19. The medium priority group lists a number of other fungi, including Coccidioides spp and Cryptococcus gattii.
Who Can Be The Most Affected:
  • The invasive forms of these fungal infections can affect people who are severely ill and who have significant underlying immune system-related conditions. Besides this, those with cancer, HIV/AIDS, organ transplants, chronic respiratory disease, and post-primary tuberculosis infection are at greater risk of invasive fungal infections.