• 24 December 2022
  • By GyanOk

Daily Current Affairs Notes for 24 December 2022

CLAT Result 2023 Out, Direct Link to Download CLAT Scorecard

CLAT Result 2023 - Direct Link Scorecard @ consortiumofnlus.ac.com

CLAT Result 2023 Declared

CLAT Result 2023 Out: The Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) declared the CLAT Result 2023 on the official website on 23rd December 2022 (Today). Students who appeared for the CLAT Exam 2023 can check the CLAT Scorecard 2023 on the official page of NLUs, consortiumofnlus.ac.in.

The CLAT Answer Key 2023 has already been released on 18th December 2022. The CLAT Exam 2023 was held on 18th December 2022.

CLAT Result 2023 for UG and PG 

Students who appeared for the UG and PG Law Entrance Exam can download their CLAT Scorecard 2023 and scorecard from the official website. The highest mark secured in CLAT 2023 UG is 116.75 and the highest mark in PG is 95.25. As per the CLAT Result 2023, two students from Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh have scored 100 percentiles in UG Entrance Exam.

CLAT Result 2023 Notification

National Consumer Rights Day 2022: 24 December

National Consumer Rights Day 2022: Every year on December 24, India observes the National Consumer Day or Bharatiya Grahak Diwas. (Representative Image: Freepik)

NATIONAL CONSUMER RIGHTS DAY 2022: Consumer is the king. The objective of every business is to provide utmost satisfaction to the end user or the customer. And, when the consumer is aware of their rights, there is no one more powerful than them. Keeping the integrity of consumers in mind, they are a set of rights in place to protect them from prevalent malpractices. And, in the same light, every year on December 24, India observes the National Consumer Day or Bharatiya Grahak Diwas.


The exploitation of consumers has been quite common in India. The problems were only aggravated by inflation and poor technology. Taking the repercussions in the account, the Consumer Protection Bill was passed in 1986. And, under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986, December 24 was marked as National Consumer Day.

In 1991 and 1993, certain amendments were made in the Consumer Protection Act. Later, to make it more effective, a couple of changes were made in December 2002, which came into effect on March 15, 2003.

A refurbished version of the Consumer Protection Act - Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 was passed by the Indian Parliament in August of that year.


The significance of Bharatiya Grahak Diwas 2022 revolves around giving a wholesome shopping experience to consumers. They are provided protection against unfair trade practices like fake advertisements, false gift offers, and hoardings, among others. Owing to an effective complaint redressal forum, the Consumer Protection Act assures that there is an efficient settlement of consumer disputes. The act also brought changes in the process of how consumer complaints were dealt.


  1. Your customer doesn’t care how much you know until they know how much you care”
  2. “Your customer’s perception is your reality”
  3. “Customers through their devices are leaving vast footprints of customer data for marketers to leverage”
  4. “Do not compromise on the quality and your customers will not negotiate on the price”
  5. “Your most unhappy customers are your greatest source of learning”
  6. “Get closer than ever to your customers. So close that you tell them what they need before they realize it themselves”

Important Articles In Constitution of India 2022

Constitution of India: List of All Articles (1-395) and Parts (1-22) -  Clear IAS

Constitution of India: Important Articles

The constitution of India begins with a short statement of its basic values. The Constitution of India contains the philosophy on which our country has been built. It provides a standard to examine and evaluates any law and action of the government to find out whether it is good or bad, it can be said that preamble is the soul of the Indian constitution.

India is the largest democracy in the world and the constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950. A constitution is a set of rules and regulations through which a country is governed. In the Indian constitution, there are 448 articles, 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 104 amendments. The parts of constitution have various articles which discuss the sections of constitutional bodies’ fundamental rights legislatures executive branches and schedules.

Parts and articles of the constitution of India

Parts of the constitution articles  Articles and Definition   Subjects of the parts
Part I
  •  Article 1- Name and territory of the union
  • Article 2- Admission and establishment of the new state.
  •  Article 3- Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and names of existing states.
Union Territories
Part II
  • Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution
  •  Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan
  • Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship
  • Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law
Part III
  • Article 12 – Definition of the state
  • Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
  • Article 14 – Equality before the law.
  • Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
  • Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
  • Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability.
  •  Article 18 – Abolition of titles.
  •  Article 19 – Guarantees to all the citizens the six rights and they are:

a – Freedom of speech and expression.

b – Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms.

c – Freedom to form associations or unions.

d – Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India.

e – Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

f – Omitted

g – Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade, or business.

  • Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.
  • Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.
  • Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
  • Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor.
  • Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of children (Under the age of 14) in factories and mines.
  • Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion.
  •  Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs.
  • Article 27 – Freedom as to pay taxes for the promotion of any particular religion.
  • Article 28 – Freedom from attending religious instruction.
  • Article 29 – Protection of interest of minorities.
  • Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
  • Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.
Fundamental rights
Part IV
  • Article 36 – Definition
  • Article 37– Application of DPSP
  •  Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid
  • Article 40 – Organization of a village panchayat
  • Article 41 – Right to work, education, and public assistance in certain cases
  •  Article 43 – Living Wages, etc. for workers.
  • Article 43A – Participation of workers in the management of industries.
  • Article 44 – Uniform civil code.
  • Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
  • Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST), and OBC.
  •  Article 47– Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
  • Article 48 – Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.
  • Article 49 – Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.
  •  Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive.
  • Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security.
Directive Principles
Part IV A It shall be the duty of every citizen of India


(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag, and the National Anthem;

(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India;

(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;

(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement

Fundamental Duties
Part V
  •  Article 52 – The President of India
  •  Article 53 – Executive Power of the union
  • Article 54 – Election of President
  •   Article 61 – Procedure for Impeachment of the President
  •  Article 63 – The Vice–president of India
  • Article 64 – The Vice–President to be ex–officio chairman of n the council of States
  • Article 66 – Election of Vice–president
  • Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President
  • Article 74 – Council of ministers to aid and advise President
  • Article 76 – Attorney–General for India
  • Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament
  • Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha
  • Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha
  • Article 83 – Duration of Houses of Parliament
  • Article 93 – The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people
  • Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
  • Article 109 – Special procedure concerning money bills
  • Article 110 – Definition of “Money Bills”
  • Article 112 – Annual Financial Budget
  • Article 114 –Appropriation Bills
  • Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament
  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court
  • Article 125 – Salaries of Judges
  • Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice
  • Article 127 – Appointment of ad–hoc judges
  • Article 128 –Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
  • Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record
  • Article 130 – Seat of the Supreme Court
  • Article 136 – Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
  • Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
  • Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court of India binding on all the courts
  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor–General of India
  • Article 149 – Duties and Powers of CAG
Part VI
  • Article 153 – Governors of State
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor
  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor
  • Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State
  • Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states
  • Article 215 – High Courts to be a court of record
  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
  • Article 233 – Appointment of District judges
  • Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts
Part VII 7th Amendment Act
  • Article 239 – Administration of Union territories.
  • Article 239A – Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union territories.
  • Article 239AA – Special provisions concerning Delhi.
  • Article 239AB – Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery.
  • Article 239B – Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.
  • Article 240 – Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories.
  • Article 241 – High Courts for Union territories.
  • Article 242 – Coorg
Union Territories
Part IX
  • Article 243A – Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats
Part IX-A
  •  Article 243P – Definitions.
  • Article 243Q – Constitution of Municipalities.
  • Article 243R – Composition of Municipalities.
  • Article 243S – Constitution and composition of Wards Committees, etc.
  • Article 243T – Reservation of seats.
  • Article 243U – Duration of Municipalities, etc.
  • Article 243V -Disqualifications for membership.
  • Article 243W – Powers, authority, and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc.
  • Article 243X – Power to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities.
  • Article 243Y – Finance Commission.
  • Article 243Z – Audit of accounts of Municipalities.
  • Article 243ZA – Elections to the Municipalities.
  • Article 243ZB – Application to Union territories.
  • Article 243ZC – Part not to apply to certain areas.
  • Article 243ZD – Committee for district planning.
  • Article 243ZE – Committee for Metropolitan planning.
  • Article 243ZF – Continuance of existing laws and Municipalities.
  • Article 243ZG – Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.
Part IX B
  • Article 243ZH – Definitions.
  • Article 243ZI – Incorporation of co-operative societies.
  • Article 243ZJ – Number and term of members of the board and its office bearers.
  • Article 243ZK – Election of members of the board.
  • Article 243ZL – Supersession and suspension of the board and interim management.
  • Article 243ZM – Audit of accounts of cooperative societies.
  • Article 243ZN – Convening of general body meetings.
  • Article 243ZO – Right of a member to get information.
  • Article 243ZP – Returns.
  • Article 243ZQ – Offences and penalties.
  • Article 243ZR – Application to multi-State co-operative societies.
  • Article 243ZS – Application to Union territories.
  • Article 243ZT – Continuance of existing laws.
Co-operative Societies
Part X
  • Article 244- Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas
Scheduled Tribe areas
Part XI
  •  Article 245 – Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
  • Article 246 – Subject matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
  • Article 246A – Special provision concerning goods and services tax.
  • Article 247 – Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts.
  • Article 248 – Residuary powers of legislation.
  • Article 249 – Power of Parliament to legislate concerning a matter in the State List in the national interest.
  • Article 250 – Power of Parliament to legislate concerning any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.
  • Article 251 – Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States.
  • Article 252 – Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State.
  • Article 253 – Legislation for giving effect to international agreements.
  • Article 254 – Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States.
  • Article 255 – Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only.
  • Article 256 – Obligation of States and the Union.
  • Article 257 – Control of the Union over States in certain cases.
  • Article 257A – Assistance to States by the deployment of armed forces or other forces of the Union.
  • Article 258 – Power of the Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases.
  • Article 258A – Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union.
  • Article 259 – Armed Forces in States in Part B of the First Schedule.
  • Article 260 – Jurisdiction of the Union about territories outside India.
  • Article 261 – Public acts, records, and judicial proceedings.
  • Article 262 – Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys.
  • Article 263 – Provisions concerning an inter-State Council.
Relation of Union and states
Part XII
  •  Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India
  • Article 280 – Finance Commission
  • Article 300 A – Right to property
Properties, finance, suits, and contracts
  •  Article 301 – Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse
  • Article 302 – Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.
Trade, commerce, and communication between the territories of India
Part XIV
  • Article 312 – All– India–Service

·        Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and the states

  •  Article 320 – Functions of Public Service Commission
Services under the union and states
Part XIV A
  • Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals
Part XV
  • Article 324 – Superintendence, direction, and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission
  • Article 325 – No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex
  •  Article 326 – Elections to the house of the people and the legislative assemblies of states to be based on adult suffrage
Part XVI
  •  Article 338 – National Commission for the SC & ST
  •  Article 340 – Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes special
Special provisions for certain classes
  • Article 343 – Official languages of the Union
  •  Article 345 – Official languages or languages of a state
  • Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and the High Courts
  • Article 351 – Directive for development of the Hindi languages
  •  Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency)
  •  Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule)
  • Article 360 – Financial Emergency
Emergency Provisions
Part IX
  • Article 361 – Protection of President and Governors
Part XX
  • Article 368 – Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution amendment
Amendment of constitution
Part XXI
  •  Article 370 – Temporary Provision for the erstwhile State of J&K
  • Article 371 A – Special provision concerning the State of Nagaland
  • Article 371 J – Special Status for Hyderabad–Karnataka region
Temporary and special provision
  •  Article 393 –This Constitution may be called the Constitution of India
Commencement, Authoritative text in Hindi


UP’s Sania Mirza Clears NDA Exam, Aims To Be Fighter Pilot

UP's Sania Mirza clears NDA, set to become country's first Muslim woman  fighter pilot | India News | Zee News

Imagination is the highest kite one can fly, this saying has been reaffirmed by Sania Mirza, a resident of Jasovar in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh. Sania has cleared the National Defence Academy (NDA) exam securing 149th rank and now wants to become a fighter pilot. If she is able to become one, she would be the first Muslim woman to achieve this feat.

Defying all odds in her way, Sania worked towards her goals and is now ready to get her name in the history books. Coming from a humble background, things were not easy at home with Sania. Her father Shahid Ali works as a TV mechanic. But all could not deter her from her path.

She always looked up to has conFlight Lieutenant Avni Chaturvedi, the first fighter pilot in NDA, as her inspiration.

Sania told ANI “I was very much inspired by Flight Lieutenant Avani Chaturvedi & seeing her I decided to join NDA. I hope the younger generation will someday get inspired by me".

The budding air force officer secured the second position in the 19 seats reserved for women in the NDA. There was a total of 400 seats for both men and women in the National Defence Academy Examination 2022.

Sania’s village is elated with her success. Reacting to her daughter’s success, Sania’s mother said, “Our daughter has made us and the entire village proud. She inspired every girl in the village to follow their dreams."

Sania credits her family and the coaching centre for her success.

Talking about Sania’s educational background, she completed her studies from primary to matric at Pandit Chintamani Dubey Inter College of the Jasvor, a small village in Mirzapur. She completed her 12th from Gurunanak Girls Inter College. She was the district topper in Class 12.

After passing 12th, Sania prepared for NDA at a coaching centre and finally crack it. She has received her joining letter and is now required to supposed to NDA Khadakwasla in Pune on December 27.