- 24 March 2023
- By GyanOk
Daily Current Affairs Notes for 24 March 2023
World Tuberculosis Day 2023 observed on 24 March
World Tuberculosis Day 2023
March 24th is recognized as World Tuberculosis Day, with the aim of increasing awareness about the global tuberculosis (TB) epidemic and the efforts made to eradicate the disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set a target to put an end to the TB epidemic by 2030, and collaborates with governments, non-governmental organizations, and other partners to improve access to TB prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as to develop novel tools and strategies for TB control. On this day, people and organizations across the globe conduct events and activities to raise awareness regarding the causes, symptoms, and treatment of TB, as well as to support efforts to eliminate the disease. It is an occasion for individuals to unite and take steps towards ending the TB epidemic.
World Tuberculosis Day 2023: Theme
This year's World Tuberculosis Day theme is "Yes! We can end TB!" with a primary focus on encouraging leaders worldwide to take action towards ending the TB epidemic. The theme emphasizes the importance of various aspects such as enhanced funding, prompt action, collaboration between different sectors, quick implementation of new WHO guidelines, and innovative strategies to eliminate tuberculosis.
World Tuberculosis Day 2023: History
Since 1982, World Tuberculosis Day has been celebrated on March 24th every year to honor the discovery of the tuberculosis (TB) bacterium by Dr. Robert Koch in 1882. Koch's discovery was a major breakthrough in the diagnosis and treatment of TB, which was a significant cause of illness and mortality in Europe during that period.
The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) and the World Health Organization (WHO) collaborated in 1982 to introduce World TB Day. The event was created to increase public awareness regarding the global TB epidemic and the requisite measures necessary to manage and eradicate the disease.
World TB Day has been celebrated annually since then, each year with a distinct theme emphasizing a particular aspect of TB prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and care. The day serves as a platform for people and organizations worldwide to unite and increase awareness regarding TB and promote the need for more funding, research, and action to eradicate the disease.
What is Tuberculosis (TB)?
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. It primarily affects the lungs, but other body parts, such as the brain, spine, and kidneys, can also be affected. TB spreads through the air, whereby an infected individual exhales the bacteria into the air by coughing, sneezing, or talking, and another person inhales the bacteria.
TB symptoms comprise of chronic coughing, chest pain, exhaustion, unexplained weight loss, fever, and night sweats. However, not everyone who contracts TB will display symptoms, and in some instances, individuals may not experience symptoms until the disease has progressed.
The treatment for TB involves antibiotics, but it may take several months, and a combination of drugs may be necessary. Treatment is crucial to cure the disease, prevent TB transmission to others, and avoid the emergence of drug-resistant TB. TB is a substantial health issue worldwide, with millions of new cases and deaths each year, mainly in low- and middle-income countries.