Daily Current Affairs Notes for 19-Nov-2022 By GyanOK.com

19 November 2022

World Toilet Day 2022 observed on 19 November

World Toilet Day 2022 observed on 19 November_40.1

World Toilet Day 2022:

The United Nations observes World Toilet Day on November 19 annually. The main aim is to raise public awareness of broader sanitation systems such as wastewater treatment, stormwater management, and hand washing. The 2022 campaign ‘Making the invisible visible’ explores how inadequate sanitation systems spread human waste into rivers, lakes and soil, polluting underground water resources.

The central message of World Toilet Day 2022 is that safely managed sanitation protects groundwater from human waste pollution. Currently, the world is seriously off track to meet the promise of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.2: to ensure safe toilets for all by 2030.

World Toilet Day 2022: Theme

The 2022 theme is ‘Making the Invisible Visible’ and explores how inadequate sanitation systems spread human waste into rivers, lakes and soil, polluting underground water resources.

World Toilet Day 2022: Key messages

  • Safe sanitation protects groundwater. Toilets that are properly sited and connected to safely managed sanitation systems, collect, treat and dispose of human waste, and help prevent human waste from spreading into groundwater.
  • Sanitation must withstand climate change. Toilets and sanitation systems must be built or adapted to cope with extreme weather events, so that services always function and groundwater is protected.
  • Sanitation action is urgent. We are seriously off track to ensure safe toilets for all by 2030. With only eight years left, the world needs to work four times faster to meet our promise.

World Toilet Day: History

It was on this day in 2001 when Jack Sim, a philanthropist from Singapore founded the World Toilet Organization and declared the day as World Toilet Day. The efforts to draw attention to the sanitation crises were given focus by the UN in 2010 when they officially recognised the right to water and sanitation as human rights. In 2013, the Singapore Government and the World Toilet Organization collaborated to create Singapore’s UN resolution – Sanitation for all. This resolution urged group efforts to address the global sanitation crisis. Following the adoption of the resolution by 122 nations at the 67th session of the UN General Assembly in New York, World Toilet Day was designated as an official UN day.

World Toilet Day 2022: In India

The Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) is organizing ‘Swachhta Run’ across rural India, to mark the World Toilet Day.

  • States & UTs directed to conduct the “Swachhta Run” at the Gram Panchayat level to celebrate World Toilet Day, 2022
  • Local elected representatives/sports persons/celebrities/influencers to flag off the “Swachhta Run” to commemorate World Toilet Day, 2022
  • World Toilet Day held annually since 2013 to celebrate toilets and raises awareness for the people living without access to sanitation
  • 2022 theme of ‘World Toilet Day’ is ‘Making the Invisible Visible’
  • Day is about highlighting actions to tackle the global sanitation crisis
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) recognized as the world’s largest behavior change program
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) ‘Jal Andolan’ has transformed the lives of rural India populace

What is Swachh Bharat Mission?

The Swachh Bharat Mission has been recognized as the world’s largest behavior change program. It represents the influential force of peoples’ participation -‘Jal Andolan’, that transformed the lives of rural India populace in terms of social benefits, economic gains, environmental safety and most importantly dignity and security to women. The second phase of SBM focusses to build on this strong foundation of healthy behaviors and inform, educate and create action towards ODF plus. ‘Swachhta Run’ is one such action of engaging the masses for the same. The objective of the “Run” is to create awareness among people about importance of usage of toilet, safe sanitation and visual cleanliness aligned to SBM(G) phase II components.

Vikram-S Rocket Launched By ISRO, India’s First Privately Developed Rocket

PM Modi hails launch of private rocket Vikram- S, calls it 'historic  moment' - Hindustan Times

Vikram-S Rocket, India’s first privately developed rocket launched from the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) at the Sriharikota launchpad. The launch of Vikram-S Rocket by ISRO is a historic moment.

The Vikram-S Rocket is developed by Hyderabad-based start-up Skyroot Aerospace Private Limited, and it is a 6-meter gall and hits a peak altitude of 89.5 kilometers. After five minutes of launch, the Vikram-S Rocket splashed into the Bay of Bengal. The mission was titled Prarambh.

About Vikram-S Rocket

The Vikram-S Rocket is a single-stage solid fuelled, sub-orbital rocket developed over two years by incorporating advanced technologies that include carbon composite structures and 3D printer components.

The Vikram-S Rocket is equipped with a gross lift-off mass of 545kg, and a payload mass of 80kg. Vikram-S carried three customer payloads which will map the measurement and validation of certain flight parameters and payload integration processes.

About Skyroot Aerospace

The Skyroot firm was launched in June 2018 by two engineers Pawan Kumar Chandana and Naga Bharath Daka. The firm aims to open space for all, he is pushing the boundaries of today’s techno. It is working towards a future where space becomes a part of our lives and claims that such a transition will transform humankind like never before.

Initially, Skyroot built ticket components to send satellites into space. After the Indian government opened the sector to private firms, it promptly signed up with ISRO, which allows the such players to use the agency’s launching facilities. The start-up formally entered the space and technology industry with an agreement with ISRO in September 2011.

Key Points related to the Vikram-S Rocket launch by Skyroot

  • The launch of India’s first privately developed rocket was a technology demonstration flight to showcase the capabilities of the company.
  • The rocket will help validate the technologies that will be used in the subsequent Vikram-1 orbital vehicle of Skyroot.
  • The Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (In-space) has been operating as a single window, the autonomous nodal agency of the Department of Space (DOS) to boost the private sector economy in India.
  • This project took Skyroot Aerospace about two years to develop and built the Vikram-S using advanced technologies.

 

Retired BPCL chairman Arun Kumar Singh to be next chief of ONGC

 

BPCL’s former chairman Arun Kumar Singh is likely to be the new chairman of India’s top oil and gas producer Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC). He retired from BPCL after attaining the superannuation age last month and was already selected to head the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) before the August 27 interviews. The will be first time that a person aged over 60 will be heading a top PSU board-level position.

Big name in Oil refining market, Singh was chosen by a search-cum-selection committee, constituted by the oil ministry. They zeroed in on Singh after interviewing six candidates on August 27, 2022. If his selection is approved, Singh will be heading cash-rich PSU (Public Sector Unit) for three years. Eligibility criteria for a board-level position at PSU provide for an internal candidate (applicant from within the PSU) should not be more than 58 years of age on the date of the vacancy. This eligibility for external candidates is the maximum age of 57 years on the date of the vacancy.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • ONGC Headquarters: Vasant Kunj, New Delhi;
  • ONGC Founded: 14 August 1956.

 

6 Women Officers Clear Defence Services Staff College Examination

India paves way for more women in armed forces - BBC News

For the first time in the history of the Indian Army6 women officers will attend the prestigious Defence Services Staff College (DSSC). Out of 15 women officers who appeared for this year’s examination for DSSC, six cracked the competition.

6 Women Officers Clear Defence Services Staff College Examination- Key Points

  • Every year, 1,500-1,600 officers sit in the prestigious exam, however, only around 300 get selected.
  • The Indian Army– National Defence College, High Command, and Higher Defence Management- which are all nominated, selection to the Defence Services Staff College (DSSC) is based on a competitive examination.
  • The other courses such as the Higher Command, Higher Defence Management, and National Defence College are based on nominations.
  • DSSC Course is the only course conducted by the Indian Army for which the officers have to complete and clear all six papers that include tactics, law, and military history.
  • DSSC Course begins at the end of June every year and goes on till May of the subsequent year.