Daily Current Affairs Notes for 18-Nov-2022 By GyanOK.com

18 November 2022

5th Naturopathy Day is celebrated on 18 November 2022

5th Naturopathy Day is celebrated on 18 November 2022_40.1

Overview 

National Naturopathy Day 2022:

National Naturopathy Day is observed in India every year on November 18th, to promote positive mental and physical health through drug-free therapy. National Naturopathy Day was established on November 18th 2018 by the Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), Government of India. On November 18th 1945, Mahatma Gandhi became the Chairman of the All India Nature Cure Foundation Trust and signed the agreement aimed at making the benefits of Nature Cure available to all classes of people, therefore, this day was chosen to be observed as National Naturopathy Day.

Central Council for Research in yoga and naturopathy is organizing the 5th Naturopathy day at World peace dome MIT Art, Design and Technology University campus, Pune. On this Occasion an International Conference on Yoga and Naturopathy is being organized by CCRYN. This conference will see renowned speakers in the field of naturopathy and from “World Naturopathic Federation”. The Theme for this year’s event is “Naturopathy: an Integrative medicine”. In this conference we will learn about developments in the field of naturopathy from eminent researchers and practitioners in relation to education, research, integrative medicine, public health in addition to exploring newer avenues and areas in naturopathy.

National Naturopathy Day: History of Naturopathy

Naturopathy techniques were brought to the United States from Germany in the 1800s. The term naturopathy was coined by John Schell in 1895 and popularized by Benedict Lust, also referred to as the ‘Father of Modern Naturopathy’. He was also credited for spreading the knowledge of naturopathy in the United States in 1992. The naturopathy movement started in Germany and other western countries with the ‘Water Cure System’, also called ‘Hydrotherapy’.

Naturopathy is the oldest healthcare system that combines modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural medicine. Relying on nature’s healing powers, naturopathy stimulates the human body’s ability to heal itself. It is the science of diagnosis, treatment and healing using natural therapies including dietetics, botanical medicine, homoeopathy, fasting, exercise, lifestyle counselling, detoxification and chelation, clinical nutrition, hydrotherapy, naturopathic manipulation, spiritual healing, environmental assessment, and health.

The revival of naturopathy in India took place through the translation of German nutritionist Louis Kuhne’s book ‘The New Science of Healing’, which was translated into Telugu by Dronamraju Venkatachalapathy Sarma in 1894. It was later translated into Hindi and Urdu in 1904 by Shri Shroti Kishan Swaroop in order to promote naturopathy.

The Indian naturopathy movement initially started in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bengal, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, where people worked hard and contributed significantly to the science.

 

World Antimicrobial Awareness Week: 18-24 November 2022

 

World Antimicrobial Awareness Week 2022:

World Antimicrobial Awareness Week (WAAW) runs from 18 to 24 November every year. It’s an international initiative to increase awareness of the growing problem of resistance to antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines. The purpose of the week is to increase awareness of global antimicrobial resistance, encourage best practices among the general public, health workers and policymakers to avoid the further emergence and spread of drug-resistant infections.

World Antimicrobial Awareness Week 2022: Theme

This year, the theme of WAAW is “Preventing Antimicrobial Resistance Together.”  World Antimicrobial Awareness Week (WAAW) is a global campaign that is celebrated annually to improve awareness and understanding of AMR and encourage best practices among the public, One Health stakeholders and policymakers, who all play a critical role in reducing the further emergence and spread of AMR.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines it this way:

“Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant.” Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines, making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness and death. As a result of drug resistance, antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines become ineffective and infections become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat.

World Antimicrobial Awareness Week: History

The World Health Organisation launched “World Antibiotic Awareness Week” in 2015 to raise global awareness and promote action to halt the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The campaign was rebranded as “World Antimicrobial Awareness Week” in 2020. The World Health Organization (WHO) projects a sense of urgency around the global issue of antibiotic resistance — and with good reason. If you develop an illness or an infection that can’t be treated in the traditional way with antibiotics, you can die.

PFRDA named Suraj Bhan as chairman of NPS Trust

PFRDA named Suraj Bhan as chairman of NPS Trust_40.1

Overview 

Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority has appointed Suraj Bhan as the chairman of the National Pension System Trust (NPS Trust), responsible for managing funds under the National Pension System (NPS). Bhan has been a Trustee on the Board of NPS Trust since 2018. He joined the Indian Economic Service in 1983 and retired as Director General of Labour Bureau, Chandigarh, in January 2018. He has varied experience across several sectors with the government and public sector undertakings in the areas of economic policy, business, industry and finance.

Consequent upon the tenure of the present chairman of the trust coming to an end on November 11, 2022, the authority has designated Suraj Bhan as chairperson of the board of the Trustee with effect from November 12, 2022, Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority (PFRDA).

Important Takeaways For All Competitive Exams:

  • Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority Founded: 23 August 2003;
  • Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority Headquarters: New Delhi;
  • Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority Chairperson: Supratim Bandyopadhyay.

 

 

Ex-Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Virmani named as full-time member of NITI Aayog

Ex-Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Virmani named as full-time member of NITI Aayog_40.1

Former Chief Economic Advisor, Arvind Virmani has been appointed as a full time member of NITI Aayog. The other existing Members of NITI Aayog are VK Saraswat, Ramesh Chand and VK Paul. While Suman Bery is the Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog, Parameswaran is the incumbent CEO of the think tank. The Prime Minister has approved the appointment of Shri Arvind Virmani, Founder, Chairman, Foundation for Economic Growth & Welfare as Full-Time Member, NITI Aayog with immediate effect and until further orders, on the same terms and conditions as are applicable to Full-Time Members of NITI Aayog.

About the Arvind Virmani:

Virmani was Chief Economic Advisor in the Finance Ministry from 2007-09. He was Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) till end 2012. He served as a member of the Technical Advisory Committee of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on monetary policy from February 2013 to August 2016.

Important Takeaways For All Competitive Exams:

  • NITI Aayog Vice Chairman: Suman Bery;
  • NITI Aayog CEO: Parameswaran Iyer.