Daily Current Affairs Notes for 15-Nov-2022 By GyanOK.com

15 November 2022

Day of Eight Billion: United Nations

On 15 November 2022, the world’s population is projected to reach 8 billion people, a milestone in human development.

Day of Eight Billion: United Nations_40.1

Overview 


Day of Eight Billion:

On 15 November 2022, the world’s population is projected to reach 8 billion people, a milestone in human development. This unprecedented growth is due to the gradual increase in human lifespan owing to improvements in public health, nutrition, personal hygiene and medicine. It is also the result of high and persistent levels of fertility in some countries. This projection was revealed in the United Nation’s World Population Prospectus 2022. The prospectus was released on World Population Day, which fell on July 11. However, it began garnering widespread attention only recently with the day of 8 billion fast approaching.

Notably: While it took the global population 12 years to grow from 7 to 8 billion, it will take approximately 15 years—until 2037— for it to reach 9 billion, a sign that the overall growth rate of the global population is slowing.

According to the United Nation’s World Population Prospectus 2022:

  • The UN’s latest projections suggest that by 2030, the global population could grow by half a billion to reach 8.5 billion. The population is expected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and further balloon up to 10.4 billion in 2100.

  • Interestingly, the global population rate fell under 1 percent for the first time since 1950 in 2020. It is expected that the world’s population will peak at around 10.4 billion people during the 2080s, remaining at that level until 2100.

  • Data also suggests that India’s population will surpass China during 2023, making India the most populous country in the world.

  • In 2021, the average fertility of the world’s population was at 2.3 births per woman over a lifetime. The number is significantly lower than the average of 5 births per woman in 1950. According to World Bank, India’s fertility rate is lower than the global average, with the latest estimate putting it at 2.1 births per woman over a lifetime. Global fertility is expected to drop to 2.1 births per woman by 2050.

  • Rapid population growth comes with its own set of challenges. Resources are stretched thin, impacting the quality of services people receive. For instance, resources have to be pushed towards ensuring everyone receives some food, drawing them away from efforts to guarantee the quality of food.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • United Nations Headquarters in New York, USA;
  • Mr Antonio Guterres is the Secretary-General of the United Nations;
  • United Nations Founded: 24 October 1945.

Shlok Mukherjee wins India’s 2022 Doodle for Google

Google announces Shlok Mukherjee as the winner of the 2022 Doodle for Google competition. Sholk Mukherjee is from Kolkata and he was declared the winner from India.

Doodle for Google 2022: Kolkata's Shlok Mukherjee brings 'India on the  center stage' in winning creation

Overview 

Google announces Shlok Mukherjee as the winner of the 2022 Doodle for Google competition. Sholk Mukherjee is from Kolkata and he was declared the winner for India for his inspiring Doodle titled ‘India on the Centre State’. His doddle is also featured on Google.co.in on 14th November 2022. Shlok Mukherjee has showcased India’s scientific achievements and advancements through his doodle.

Shlok Mukherjee wins India’s 2022 Doodle for Google- Key Points

  • The Doodle for Google contest has been held in India since 2009.
  • In this competition, students from classes 1 to 10 can participate.
  • The entries of the students are evaluated by Google executives and a jury panel consisting of industry leaders and creative thinkers.
  • The theme for this year’s Doodle for Google competition was ‘In the next 25 years, My India will..’
  • Sholk Mukherjee received Rs 5,00,000 college scholarship, and a Rs 2,00,000 techno package for their school or nonprofit organization.
  • He also got a trophy of achievement, Google hardware devices, and fun Google collectibles.
  • For the 2022 Doodle for Google, the judging panel included Bollywood actress Neena Gupta, comic book editor, and stand-up comic Kuriakose Vaisian, social influencers and founders of Slayypoint, Abhyudaya Mohan, and Gautami Kawale, and Alika Bhatt, artist, teacher, YouTuber, Tedx speaker, and entrepreneur.

What Sholk Mukherjee wrote for Doodle for Google 2022?

While sharing his Doodle, Sholk Mukherjee wrote “In the next 25 years, my India will have scientists develop their eco-friendly robot for humanity’s betterment. India will have regular intergalactic travels from Earth to space. India will develop more in the field of Yoga and Ayurveda, and will get stronger in coming years.”

 

Batman legend voice actor Kevin Conroy passes away

Kevin Conroy, an actor and voice actor best known for playing Batman in several animated movies and series, has passed away at the age of 66.

Batman legend voice actor Kevin Conroy passes away_40.1

Overview 

Kevin Conroy, an actor and voice actor best known for playing Batman in several animated movies and series, has passed away at the age of 66. Kevin played Batman in a variety of projects, and Mark Hamill took on the role of the Joker. The acclaimed animated series, which launched in 1992 and continued until 1996, is where Conroy first voiced Batman.

His portrayal of Batman in various other DC productions, including the video games Injustice and Batman: Arkham, has received a lot of positive attention. He also appeared in several DC Universe Animated Original Movies, including Batman: Gotham Knight (2008), Superman/Batman: Public Enemies (2009), Justice League: Doom (2012), Batman: The Killing Joke (2016), and Justice League vs. the Fatal Five (2019).

In 1992’s romance drama Chain of Desire, which Temstocles Lopez also wrote and directed, Kevin Conroy made his live-action acting debut. The Arkham and Injustice video game series gave Kevin the opportunity to reprise his role as Batman, which led to newfound fame. After a protracted fan effort, Kevin finally had the chance to represent Batman in a live-action project in 2019 when he took on the role of an older Bruce Wayne in the Arrowverse crossover episode Crisis on Infinite Earths.

 

Bank of Maharashtra (BoM) Tops PSU lenders’ list in Q2 Credit Growth

The second quarter of 2022–23 saw the Bank of Maharashtra (BoM) outperform other public sector lenders in terms of percentage loan growth.

Bank of Maharashtra tops list of public sector lenders in credit growth  during July-September period - check details! | Zee Business

Overview 

The second quarter of 2022–23 saw the Bank of Maharashtra (BoM) outperform other public sector lenders in terms of percentage loan growth. According to public sector bank issued quarterly data, the lender saw a 28.62 percent increase in gross advances at the end of September 2022, totaling Rs 1,48,216 crore.

About The Others:

 

Union Bank Of India came in second with an increase of 21.54 percent to Rs 7,52,469 crore. The largest lender in the nation, State Bank of India, took third place with an 18.15% increase in gross advances.

However, SBI’s total loans were almost 17 times higher at Rs 25,47,390 crore as compared to Rs 1,48,216 crore of BoM in absolute terms.

The Sectoral Division Of BoMs Loans:

BoM had the highest increase of 22.31 percent in Retail-Agriculture-MSME (RAM) loans during the reviewed period, followed by Bank of Baroda with 19.53 percent and SBI with 16.51 percent.

BoM led the list for low-cost Current Account Savings Account (CASA) deposits with 56.27 percent, followed by Central Bank of India at 50.99 percent.

Gross Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) and Net NPAs:

According to a review of the quarterly financial data released by public sector lenders, BoM and SBI were in the lowest percentile in terms of gross non-performing assets (NPAs) and net NPAs.

The analysis showed that the gross NPAs reported by BoM and SBI were 3.40 per cent and 3.52 per cent of their total advances, respectively, in the second quarter. Net NPAs of these banks came down to 0.68 per cent and 0.80 per cent, respectively, at the end of September 2022.

At the conclusion of the second quarter of 2022–23, BoM had the highest Capital Adequacy Ratio among PSBs at 16.71 percent, followed by Canara Bank at 16.51 percent and Indian Bank at 16.15 percent.

Net Interest Margin (NIM):

BoM and SBI with 3.55 per cent Net Interest Margin (NIM), a key profitability parameter, stood at the top among PSBs. It was followed by Bank of India at 3.49 per cent and Central Bank of India at 3.44 per cent.

Net Profits Of PSBs:

All the 12 PSBs reporting 50 per cent jump in combined net profit at Rs 25,685 crore in the second quarter of previous year.

In the first half of FY23, the cumulative net profit of all PSBs increased by 32 per cent to Rs 40,991 crore.