Daily Current Affairs Notes for 12-Oct-2022 By GyanOK.com

12 October 2022

Modhera – India’s first 24×7 solar-powered village

On October 9, Modhera in Gujarat was declared as the first round-the-clock solar powered village in India.

Overview

  • The Modhera village in Mehsana district of Gujarat became the first 24X7 solar powered village in India.
  • The village has a ground-mounted solar plant.
  • More than thousand solar panels with 1kW capacity are also installed on the homes in this village, enabling its residents to receive cost-free solar energy 24 hours a day and 7 days a week.
  • All these solar systems are connected to the battery energy storage system (BESS) – the country’s first grid-connected megawatt hour scale battery energy storage system.
  • During the day time, the solar panels will provide power to the village and in the evening, the houses will be powered by the BESS.
  • The project was implemented in two phases, with state allocating 12 hectares of land for its implementation. Both the central and state governments have invested around Rs.80 crore for this project.
  • It will enable people to save 60 to 100 per cent on the electricity bills.
About Modhera village
  • The Modhera village is situated 25 km from Gujarat’s Mehsana district and about 100 km from the state’s capital, Gandhinagar. The village is situated on the banks of River Pushpavati and it spans across 2,436 hectares of land. It hosts the famous Sun Temple, which was built during the reign of Chalukya dynasty’s Bhima I. The temple was built in Maru-Gurjara style (Chaulukya style) of architecture. Recently, this ancient site was equipped with a solar-powered 3D projection facility that will provide information about the history of the village to tourists. The recent inauguration of the Heritage Lighting at this temple made it the first heritage site in India to be powered by only by solar energy.

Justice DY Chandrachud: 50th Chief Justice of India

Justice Dhananjaya Yeshwant Chandrachud is set to become the 50th Chief Justice of India (CJI) in November 2022.

Overview

  • The current CJI Chief Justice of India U.U. Lalit nominated Justice DY Chandrachud as his successor during a meeting involving other judges of the Supreme Court held on October 11, 2022.
  • The CJI’s recommendation to the government will kick off the process for the appointment of the 50th Chief Justice of India.
  • If this appointment is approved by the Central Government, Justice DY Chandrachud would be the first second-generation Chief Justice of India.
  • Justice DY Chandrachud’s father – Justice YV Chandrachud – was the 16th Chief Justice of India.
  • Justice YV Chandrachud became the CJI in 1978. He held this position for the longest tenure of seven years. His son, Justice DY Chandrachud, has been a Supreme Court Justice for two years – the longest in the recent past.
  • Justice YV Chandrachud sentenced Sanjay Gandhi to jail in a case concerning the film “Kissa Kursi Ka” – a political satire film that was banned during the time of National Emergency.
  • During his tenure as a SC judge, DY Chandrachud had overturned two of the judgements made by his father. These cases concern adultery and the right to privacy.
  • In 2017, the top court involving Justice DY Chandrachud and other judges overruled the 1975 ruling in the infamous Habeaus Corpus case, which allowed the suspension of the right to life during emergency. In 1975, the former CJI Chandrachud was among the four in five judges who upheld the President’s order to impose emergency in the country.
  • Justice DY Chandrachud also overruled another landmark judgement of his father that upheld the colonial era adultery law. Justice Chandrachud struck down this law and voiced that it is a “codified rule of patriarchy”.
  • Other landmark judgements involving DY Chandrachud concern euthanasia, entry of women into Sabarimala, decriminalization of homosexuality, abortion rights, the Hadiya case, medical college cases and the PIL of mandatorily playing the national anthem in cinema halls.

“Mahakal Lok” 900 m long in MP’s Ujjain to be opened by PM

“Mahakal Lok” corridor first phase of Mahakaleshwar Temple in the city of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh, is scheduled to open by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is said that the initiative will improve pilgrims’ experiences and increase tourism in the area. Shivraj Singh Chouhan, the chief minister of Madhya Pradesh, examined the Mahakal Lok’s opening preparations.

Mahakal Lok: All you should know
  • The “Mahakal Lok” over 900-meter-long corridor’s first phase was officially opened as part of the $856 million Mahakaleshwar Temple corridor development project.
  • The cost to create the corridor was 316 crore.
  • The old Rudrasagar Lake, which has also been revitalised as part of the development project around the historic Mahakaleshwar Temple, will be skirted by the Mahakal Lok.
  • Two imposing gateways – Nandi Dwar and Pinaki Dwar – have been erected near the beginning of the corridor, which winds its way to the temple’s entrance and provides an aesthetic view along the way.
  • A 108-pillar colonnade with artistically carved sandstones has been constructed. On the decorative pillars, artisans and artists primarily from Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Orissa have laboured.

Cristiano Ronaldo reached record 700 club career goals

Cristiano Ronaldo reached another historic landmark in his extraordinary career by scoring his 700th club goal to seal Manchester United’s comeback win over Everton. The 37-year-old Portuguese forward becomes the first and only player in this present generation to score seven times a hundred goals in football history. His 700th club goal extends his tally over Lionel Messi with Argentina forward scoring 691 goals for Fc Barcelona and Paris Saint Germain.

Career stats of Cristiano Ronaldo:
  • Having started his career in 2002, 700 goals means Ronaldo has averaged 35 goals a season. Cristiano Ronaldo’s 700th club goal comes 20 years and two days after his first goal for Sporting Lisbon.
  • The five-time Ballon d’Or winner scored his first professional goal on October 7, 2002, at the age of 17 years, 8 months, and 3 days. He scored a brace in Sporting Lisbon’s 3-0 win against Moreirense.
  • This was his first goal in senior-level football. He scored his 144th goal for Manchester United in his two spells at the club, He scored a record 450 goals for Real Madrid, 101 for Juventus, and five(5) for Sporting Lisbon.
  • The historic feat earned him a special award at the FIFA The Best Awards ceremony to commemorate the record-breaking feat and Ronaldo later added six goals to take his international tally with Portugal to 117 goals.

MHA: Jharkhand and West Bengal topped in worst state list in terms of child marriage

According to the latest demographic sample survey by the Union Home Ministry, the survey was brought out by the office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs. It was conducted in 2020 and the report was published late last month. The Sample Registration System (SRS) Statistical Report contains estimates of various demographic, fertility and mortality indicators based on the data collected through one of the largest demographic surveys in the world covering about 8.4 million sample population.

Some key points in the report:
  • Despite being renowned for its mines reserves, the state of Jharkhand has earned the disrepute of having the highest percentage of underage girls getting married. The percentage of girls getting married before attaining majority is as high as 5.8 in Jharkhand.
  • The percentage of females who got effectively married before reaching 18 years of age is 1.9 at the national level and varies from 0.0 in Kerala to 5.8 in Jharkhand.
  • The survey said that child marriages accounted for 7.3 per cent of marriages in rural areas and three per cent in urban areas in Jharkhand.
  • Not only Jharkhand, West Bengal to has enough in its tally as more than half of the women are married before attaining the age of 21 years in the state.
  • Around 54.9 per cent of girls are married in West Bengal before attaining the age of 21 years, the figure for Jharkhand is 54.6 per cent as against the national average of 29.5 per cent.