Daily Current Affairs Notes for 11-Nov-2022 By GyanOK.com

11 November 2022

Nation celebrates National Education Day on 11 November.

In India, National Education Day is celebrated every year on November 11 as it marks the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

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Overview

National Education Day 2022:

The National Education Day is observed annually on November 11 in India. In India, National Education Day is celebrated every year on November 11 as it marks the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who was India’s first education minister after independence. He was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously, India’s highest civilian honour in 1992.

The day is observed to celebrate the work done by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in the education sector during his tenure as the education minister. In 1920, he was elected as a member of the foundation committee to establish Jamia Millia Islamia at Aligarh in UP. He also assisted in shifting the university campus from Aligarh to New Delhi in 1934. Now, the main gate of the campus is named after him.

National Education Day 2022: Theme

This day is celebrated to acknowledge and honour Maulana Azad’s contribution to the country’s education system. The theme for National Education Day 2022 is “Changing Course, Transforming Education.”

National Education Day 2022: Significance

National Education Day is celebrated to enhance and improvise the quality of education for students in the country. The day also commemorates Azad’s contribution to laying the foundation for an independent Indian education system. Azad was also a strong advocate of universal primary education, girls’ education, free compulsory education for all children under the age of 14, vocational training, and technical education.

About Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in 1888. His mother was an Arab and the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Zaher Watri and Azad’s father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origins who came to Arab during the Sepoy Mutiny and proceeded to Mecca and settled there. He came back to Calcutta with his family in 1890 when Abul Kalam was two years old.

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s contributions in the field of education, nation-building, and institution-building are exemplary.

  • Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad was an Indian independence activist, writer and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress.

  • After the nation gained independence, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government.  He served as the education minister from August 15, 1947 till February 2, 1958, and passed away in Delhi on February 22, 1958.

  • As the first Indian education minister, Azad’s main focus in post-independence India was educating the rural poor and girls. Other key areas where he focused were adult literacy, free and compulsory for all children up to the age of 14, universal primary education, and diversification of secondary education and vocational training.

  • He also oversaw the establishment of the Department of Education of the University of Delhi, the first Indian Institute of Technology in 1951 and the University Grants Commission in 1953.

Prominent Indian physician Dr Subhash Babu to be awarded Bailey K. Ashford Medal

Prominent Indian physician and scientist, Dr. Subhash Babu has received the prestigious Bailey K. Ashford Medal for 2022 and the Fellow of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (FASTMH

Prominent Indian physician Dr Subhash Babu to be awarded Bailey K. Ashford Medal_40.1

Overview

Bailey K. Ashford Medal 2022:

Prominent Indian physician and scientist, Dr. Subhash Babu has received the prestigious Bailey K. Ashford Medal for 2022 and the Fellow of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (FASTMH) award 2022. This award is given to him for his outstanding research and contributions to tropical medicine. The medal is presented annually to one or more mid-career researchers for distinguished work in tropical medicine by the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH), the largest scientific organization in tropical medicine in the world. In its 82-year history, the award has never been given to an Indian scientist or an Indian institution for work.

About Dr. Subash Babu:

  • Dr. Subash Babu is the first Indian to receive both the Bailey K. Ashford medal and the FASTMH award. He is the Scientific Director of the ICER (International Centre for Excellence in Research)-India Programme. He is a pioneer in research on helminth infections and tuberculosis.

  • Dr. Subash Babu earned his medical degree in Tamil Nadu from the Government Kilpauk Medical College and his doctorate in immunology from the University of Connecticut in the United States. He returned to India in 2006 to establish the ICER on the campus of ICMR-NIRT in Chennai following his fellowship at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Dr. Subhash is a mentor for graduate and undergraduate students from 30 Indian academic institutions and has been the principal or co-investigator of 31 research protocols.

  • He also writes book chapters for important textbooks, such as Topley and Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections and Elsevier’s Clinical Immunology, which are used in medical schools and graduate programs all over the world.

Arfa Khanum Sherwani to Receive Kuldip Nayar Patrakarita Samman Award for 2022

The Gandhi Peace Foundation has announced the award of its prestigious Kuldip Nayar Patrakarita Samman for 2022 to The Wire’s senior editor Arfa Khanum Sherwani.

कुलदीप नैयर पुरस्कार की घोषणा

Overview

The Gandhi Peace Foundation has announced the award of its prestigious Kuldip Nayar Patrakarita Samman for 2022 to The Wire’s senior editor Arfa Khanum Sherwani. The announcement was made at a press conference held at New Delhi’s Press Club of India by the well-known academic and author, Ashis Nandy. Nandy also announced that the awardee for 2021 was the independent journalist and YouTuber, Ajit Anjum.

About the Kuldip Nayar Patrakarita Samman:

The award honours the legacy of journalist, author and human rights activist Kuldip Nayar and is awarded to journalists working in Indian languages contributing to democratic values and independent media. The awards will be formally conferred at a public function later in the year. Under this award received by the Gandhi Peace Foundation, a cash amount of one lakh rupees is given to the selected journalists. Apart from this, he is also honored with a citation.

The selection committee of Gandhi Peace Foundation announces one name every year after assessing the work of journalists. In this, an attempt is made to cover journalists of all Indian languages. This honor was started in 2017. First, senior journalist Ravish Kumar was awarded, followed by Marathi journalist Nikhil Wagle.

 

UNESCO: World Heritage Glaciers to Disappear By 2050

Glaciers at many UNESCO World Heritage sites including Yellowstone and Kilimanjaro National Park will likely vanish by 2050, UNESCO said.

UNESCO: Glaciers on Kilimanjaro and Yellowstone to disappear by 2050;  countries urged to take immediate action - World News

Overview

Glaciers at many UNESCO World Heritage sites including Yellowstone and Kilimanjaro National Park will likely vanish by 2050, the UN agency warned, urging leaders to act fast to save the rest. The warning followed a study of 18,600 glaciers at 50 World Heritage sites.

What The Report Pointed:

The study “shows these glaciers have been retreating at an accelerated rate since 2000 due to CO2 emissions, which are warming temperatures”, UNESCO said. The glaciers were losing 58 billion tonnes of ice every year, equivalent to the combined annual water use of France and Spain, and were responsible for nearly five percent of observed global sea-level rise, the agency explained.

“Glaciers in a third of the 50 World Heritage sites are condemned to disappear by 2050, regardless of efforts to limit temperature increases,” UNESCO said.

“But it is still possible to save the glaciers in the remaining two thirds of sites if the rise in temperatures does not exceed 1.5°C compared to the pre-industrial period.” Countries have pledged to keep global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels — a goal the world is set to miss on current emission trends.

“This report is a call to action,” said UNESCO head Audrey Azoulay, ahead of the COP27 climate summit in Egypt. “Only a rapid reduction in our CO2 emissions levels can save glaciers and the exceptional biodiversity that depends on them. COP27 will have a crucial role to help find solutions to this issue.”

Affects Across Continents:

In Africa, glaciers in all World Heritage sites will very likely be gone by 2050, including at Kilimanjaro National Park and Mount Kenya, UNESCO warned. In Europe, some glaciers in the Pyrenees and in the Dolomites will also probably have vanished in three decades’ time.

The same went for glaciers in the Yellowstone and Yosemite national parks in the United States. The melting of ice and snow is one of the 10 key threats from climate change, an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report said.

CO2 culprit:

The UNESCO study, in partnership with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), shows that these glaciers have been retreating at an accelerated rate since 2000 due to CO2 emissions, which are warming temperatures.

They are currently losing 58 billion tons of ice every year – equivalent to the combined annual water use of France and Spain – and are responsible for nearly five per cent of observed global sea-level rise. The glaciers under threat are in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America and Oceania.

About UNESCO:

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN). It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture. 

  • It is also a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UNSDG), a coalition of UN agencies and organizations aimed at fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • UNESCO’s Headquarters are located in Paris and the Organization has more than 50 field offices around the world.
  • It has 193 Members and 11 Associate Members (As of April 2020) and is governed by the General Conference and the Executive Board.
  • Three UNESCO member states are not UN members: Cook Islands, Niue, and Palestine.
  • While three UN member states (Israel, Liechtenstein, United States) are not UNESCO members.