Daily Current Affairs Notes for 10-Nov-2022 By GyanOK.com

10 November 2022

World Science Day for Peace and Development observed on 10 November.

World Science Day for Peace and Development has observed on 10 November.

World Science Day for Peace and Development observed on 10 November_40.1

Overview

World Science Day for Peace and Development 2022:World Science Day for Peace and Development 2022:

World Science Day for Peace and Development was proclaimed by the UN Educational, Scientific and UNESCO in 2001 under the UNESCO 31 C/Resolution 20. It is celebrated every year on November 10, around the globe, marking the significance of science in society. The day highlights the significant role of science in society and the need to engage the wider public in debates on emerging scientific issues. It also underlines the importance and relevance of science in our daily lives.

World Science Day for Peace and Development: Theme

This year’s theme for World Science Day for Peace and Development is “Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development”. According to the United Nations’ official website, it has been noted in the UNGA in December 2021 that ‘We need more basic science to achieve The 2030 Agenda and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals’.

World Science Day for Peace and Development: Significance

World Science Day for Peace and Development is celebrated to raise awareness and make scientific literacy accessible for all. It is a day when scientists, researchers, and teachers alike can come together and help people understand the benefit of science and how it plays a key role in improving their lives.

The day is also commemorated in the hopes of raising awareness about how we can make our planet more sustainable. It is a means of maintaining sustainable development and promoting world peace. A day where people from all walks of life can come together and be educated about the latest discoveries in the field.

World Science Day for Peace and Development: History

In 1999, UNESCO and the International Council for Science organized the first-ever World Scientific Conference in Budapest. At the event, several delegations agreed that there is a need for educating society about science. Here, by unanimous decision, a special day or week was to be dedicated to science. A year later, the UNESCO Executive Body adopted World Science Day for Peace and Development. It was to be commemorated on November 10, worldwide.

In 2001, World Science Day for Peace and Development generated many projects, programmes and funding for science around the world. It has also aimed to develop cooperation between scientists living in regions affected by conflict, such as the UNESCO-supported creation of the Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization (IPSO).

November 10, 2002 marked the first World Science Day for Peace and Development was celebrated around the globe. It brought together several partners, including governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, UNESCO National Commissions, scientific and research institutions, professional associations, science teachers, schools and even the media.

IT-gaints Google launches ‘FloodHub’, a platform to forecast flood

An American technology giant, Google has launched a platform that displays flood forecasts, namely ‘FloodHub’.

Overview

An American technology giant, Google has launched a platform that displays flood forecasts, namely ‘FloodHub’. This platform shows the area and time where floods could occur, in order to inform people about the natural calamity and authorities can assist them with effectively. The technology giant has also expanded its AI flood forecasting services to 18 counties across Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia. To recall, these flood forecasting services supported by AI were first introduced in India back in 2018.

Google FloodHub: Key points

  • Google launched its flood forecasting services to safeguard people against disasters and natural calamities in 2018. Google states that the company has used an AI technique called transfer learning to make it work in areas where there is less data available.

  • Meanwhile, the search engine has also integrated its Lens image recognition feature into many of its other features. It includes Google Chrome and Photos.

  • Recently, 9to5Google has pointed out that Google is adding a Lens button to its home page, in its search bar. After users click on the Lens button, they would be prompted to upload an image or paste a URL to one.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • Google CEO: Sundar Pichai;
  • Google Founded: 4 September 1998;
  • Google Headquarters: Mountain View, California, United States;
  • Google Founders: Larry Page, Sergey Brin;
  • Google Parent organization: Alphabet Inc.

“E. K. Janaki Ammal: Life and Scientific Contributions” authored by Nirmala James

Retired school teacher Nirmala James has authored a new book titled “E. K. Janaki Ammal: Life and Scientific Contributions”, featuring the life and remarkable achievements.

"E. K. Janaki Ammal: Life and Scientific Contributions" authored by Nirmala James_40.1

Overview

Retired school teacher Nirmala James has authored a new book titled “E. K. Janaki Ammal: Life and Scientific Contributions”, featuring the life and remarkable achievements of Edavalath Kakkat Janaki Ammal (E. K. Janaki Ammal), India’s first woman botanist. The book, published by Enview Research and Development, was released during the event organised on the 125th birth anniversary of E. K. Janaki Ammal. She was born on 4th November 1897 in Thalassery, Kerala. The event was organised by the Centre for Biodiversity Conservation (CBC) under the Botany Department, University of Kerala.

E. K. Janaki Ammal: Life and Scientific Contributions: Essence of the book:

  • The book describes how Dr Janaki Ammal fulfilled her professional dreams despite the gender and caste barriers. She is well known for her work in the areas of cytogenetics and plant breeding. Nirmala James has authored around 25 books including books for children.
  • This book provides insights into the life and contributions of E. K. Janaki Ammal, one of the most coveted women scientists in India. The book narrates several interesting insights from the dairy of Janaki Ammal’s father Krishnan, and the author’s own findings travelling through the paths Janaki Ammal took. The book is an enhanced translation from the Malayalam version of the book the author released in 2020.

LIC Buys Additional Stake in Voltas for Rs 635 Cr.

Life Insurance Company (LIC) has increased its shareholding in Voltas by buying an additional 2 per cent stake.

Overview

Life Insurance Company (LIC) has increased its shareholding in Voltas by buying an additional 2 per cent stake. The state-owned life insurer increased its shareholding from 2,27,04,306 shares (equivalent to 6.862 per cent) to 2,93,95,224 (8.884 per cent) in Voltas.

What Has Been Said:

LIC said it acquired Voltas’ shares worth Rs 634.50 crore through open market transactions during the period from August 10 to November 4, 2022. The transaction was carried out as an open market purchase at an average cost of ₹948.31 per share in Voltas.

About Voltas:

Voltas is engaged in the business of air conditioning, refrigeration, electro-mechanical projects as an EPC (engineering, procurement and construction) contractor both in domestic and international market. Voltas has a market cap of around ₹27,609 crore. In Q2FY23, Voltas recorded a consolidated net loss of ₹7.41 crore to owners compared to a profit of ₹103.61 crore in Q2FY22. Consolidated revenue from operations stood at ₹1,768.36 crore in Q2FY23 versus ₹1,689.08 crore in Q2FY22.

About LIC:

Life Insurance Corporation of India is an Indian central public sector undertaking headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It is under the ownership of Ministry of Finance, Government of India. LIC is Indian state-owned insurance group and investment company. LIC which is the largest life insurer in India has market cap of over 4 Lakh crore.