Daily Current Affairs Notes for 08-Nov-2022 By GyanOK.com

08 November 2022

World Radiography Day 2022: Theme, Significance and History

Every year on November 8, World Radiography Day is observed to honour the discovery of X-radiation, also known as X-rays.

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Overview

Every year on November 8, World Radiography Day is observed to honour the discovery of X-radiation, also known as X-rays. This day in 1895 saw the completion of German scientist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen’s discovery of X-radiation, or X-rays. For this accomplishment, he was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. This year, we will be celebrating the 11th International Day of Radiology on 11 November and this is observed by all the medical imaging professionals from across the world.


World Radiography Day 2022: Theme

The theme of International Day of Radiology 2022 is “Radiographers at the Forefront of Patient Safety.” This theme aims to encourage all radiologists, radiographers, radiological technologists, and professionals to recognize and promote the essential role of radiology in the treatment of a patient.

World Radiography Day 2022: Significance

World Radiography Day celebrates the anniversary of the discovery of X­rays in 1895 and is used as a platform to raise public awareness of radiographic imaging and therapy. Radiographic imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and the treatment of patients but it is equally crucial that the radiation level is kept to the minimum required so that it improves the health of patients instead of harming them. Thus, WRD is also an opportunity to honor those working with precise accuracy and save thousands of lives every year.

World Radiography Day: History 

According to many sources, the first World Radiography Day was observed in 2007 by the International Society of Radiographers and Radiological Technologists on November 8. however, the first major celebration of the day was organized in 2012 when the European Society of Radiology (ESR), Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), and American College of Radiology (ACR) came together for the initiative. This year will celebrate the 11th anniversary of International Day of Radiology.

X-rays were discovered accidentally in the year 1895 by Professor Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen while he was working with a cathode-ray tube in his laboratory. He noticed a fluorescent glow of crystals on a table near his tube, which contained a bulb with negative and positive electrodes. When the air from the tube was evacuated, a high voltage was applied, and the tube produced a fluorescent glow. When the tube was covered with black paper and that material was placed a few feet away from the tube, it generated a green fluorescent light.

About the Radiology:

Radiology is the medical discipline that uses medical imaging to diagnose and treat diseases within the bodies of animals and humans. A variety of imaging techniques such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine including positron emission tomography (PET), fluoroscopy, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used to diagnose or treat diseases. Interventional radiology is the performance of usually minimally invasive medical procedures with the guidance of imaging technologies such as those mentioned above.

‘Aadhaar Mitra,’ a new chatbot launched by UIDAI

Aadhaar Mitra: The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) presented the brand-new AI/ML chatbot "Aadhaar Mitra" in order to facilitate citizens' usage of the services.

'Aadhaar Mitra,' a new chatbot launched by UIDAI_40.1

Overview

Aadhaar Mitra: The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) presented the brand-new AI/ML chatbot Aadhaar Mitra in order to facilitate citizens’ usage of the services. Both Hindi and English are available for the chatbot. For the purpose of teaching viewers, it also offers the option of viewing related videos on specific themes.

Aadhaar Mitra: Key Points

  • Features of the new chatbot, Aadhaar Mitra include the capacity to monitor the status of Aadhaar PVC cards and confirm Aadhaar enrollment/update status.

  • The bot can be used by locals to file complaints and follow up on them.

  • The organisation is committed to strengthening its grievance redressal mechanism while also providing ease of life. A cutting-edge and futuristic open-source CRM solution is being gradually rolled out by UIDAI.

  • To improve residents’ access to UIDAI services, a new Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system has been created with cutting-edge capabilities.

  • In order to effectively file, follow up on, and resolve complaints, the new CRM solution may handle a variety of channels, including phone call, email, chatbot, web portal, social media, letter, and walk-in.

  • Using this coordinated, resident-focused approach, UIDAI is able to resolve 92% of CRM complaints within a week.


Aadhaar Mitra: About UIDAI Chatbot

  • The UIDAI Chatbot is a chat tool that offers prompt, automatic responses about Aadhaar and related features.
  • It can be accessed from the UIDAI website’s home page and the resident portal.
  • Users can start a conversation with the chatbot by clicking on the blue “Ask Aadhaar” icon.

Aadhaar Mitra: Benefits for the Customers

  • The Aadhaar Chatbot is knowledgeable on all Aadhaar-related subjects, features, and services.
  • The resident only needs to type their question into the chatbot to receive the appropriate responses right away.

15th Urban Mobility India Conference now taking place in Kochi.

15th iteration of Kerala's Urban Mobility India Conference: The 15th iteration of Kerala's Urban Mobility India (UMI) Conference is taking place in Kochi.

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Overview

15th iteration of Kerala’s Urban Mobility India Conference: The 15th iteration of Kerala’s Urban Mobility India (UMI) Conference, which is taking place in Kochi, comes to an end. Among those attending the farewell event are Kerala Governor Arif Mohammed Khan, State Minister for Housing and Urban Affairs Kaushal Kishore, and State Transport Minister Antony Raju.

15th iteration of Kerala’s Urban Mobility India (UMI) Conference: Key Points

  • The UMI-2023 will be introduced during the event, and Governor Arif Mohammed Khan and MOS Housing & Urban Affairs Kaushal Kishore will present the Awards for Excellence in Urban Transport.
  • The conference is attended by senior officials from the federal and state governments, decision-makers, managing directors of metro rail companies, chief executives of transportation companies, and foreign experts.
  • “Azadi @ 75 — Sustainable Aatmanirbhar Urban Mobility” will be the main emphasis of the meeting.
  • The event places a lot of attention on developing state and local capacity to deal with issues related to urban transportation.

Additionally, it will lay forth criteria for creating fair and sustainable urban transportation systems for all facets of society and concentrate on building and executing efficient, high-quality urban transportation networks.

Important Takeaways For All Competitive Exams:

  • Kerala’s Governor: Arif Mohammed Khan.
  • Minister of State for Housing and Urban Affairs Kaushal Kishore.
  • Minster of State Transport Minister Antony Raju.

ISRO plans to return to Mars and work with Japan to examine the moon’s dark side

ISRO plans to return to Mars: The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has turned its attention to Venus and is collaborating with Japan to examine the moon's dark side.

ISRO plans to return to Mars and work with Japan to examine the moon's dark side_40.1

Overview

ISRO plans to return to Mars: The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has turned its attention to Venus and is collaborating with Japan to examine the moon’s dark side, following trips to the moon and Mars. ISRO‘s next mission at the Akash Tattva conference here was that the space agency also intended to send a probe to Mars.

ISRO plans to return to Mars: Key Points

  • A Japanese rocket will launch an ISRO-built lunar lander and rover into orbit with a planned landing site close to the south pole of the moon.
  • “The rover will then move to the area of the moon that is always in shadow and never receives sunlight.”
  • The examination of the area was fascinating since anything that had persisted in the PSR zone was analogous to something that had been frozen for aeons.
  • The Aditya L-1 will be a special mission in which a payload-carrying 400-kg class satellite will be deployed in an orbit around the Sun so that it may continually view the star from a location known as the Lagrange Point L-1.
  • 5 million kilometres would separate the orbit from Earth, and it would study coronal heating, solar wind acceleration, the beginning of coronal mass ejections, flares, and near-Earth space weather.
  • The Aditya L-1 and Chandrayaan-3 missions would be prioritised, as early as next year, the missions to Venus and the moon with JAXA were expected to follow.
  • The lunar rover on board Chandrayaan-3 needed to be successful because it will be used again on a mission with JAXA.

Important Takeaways for All Competitive Exams:

  • ISRO Chairman: S Somanath.
  • Defence Minister: Rajnath Singh.