Daily Current Affairs Notes for 05-Nov-2022 By GyanOK.com

05 November 2022

World Tsunami Awareness Day observed on 05th November.

In December 2015, the UN General Assembly designated November 5 as World Tsunami Awareness Day.

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Overview

World Tsunami Awareness Day 2022:
In December 2015, the UN General Assembly designated November 5 as World Tsunami Awareness Day, calling on countries, international bodies and civil society to raise tsunami awareness and share innovative approaches to risk reduction. UN Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) facilitates the observance of World Tsunami Awareness Day in collaboration with the rest of the United Nations system. The date of November 5 was chosen to mark the story of “Inamura-no-hi” (burning of the rice sheaves) in western Japan. This earthquake occurred in 1858.

World Tsunami Awareness Day 2022: Theme

The word “tsunami” comprises the Japanese words “tsu” (meaning harbour) and “nami” (meaning wave). A tsunami is a series of enormous waves created by an underwater disturbance usually associated with earthquakes occurring below or near the ocean. Volcanic eruptions, submarine landslides, and coastal rock falls can also generate a tsunami, as can a large asteroid impacting the ocean. They originate from a vertical movement of the sea floor with the consequent displacement of water mass.

Tsunami waves often look like walls of water and can attack the shoreline and be dangerous for hours, with waves coming every 5 to 60 minutes.

The first wave may not be the largest, and often it is the 2nd, 3rd, 4th or even later waves that are the biggest. After one wave inundates, or floods inland, it recedes seaward often as far as a person can see, so the seafloor is exposed. The next wave then rushes ashore within minutes and carries with it many floating debris that were destroyed by previous waves.

World Tsunami Day: History

World Tsunami Day was first officially observed on 5 November 2016 After the announcement of the UN General assembly on 22 December 2015. The UN General Assembly called all the countries in international bodies to raise awareness about this natural disaster and share product ideas.

In the last 100 years, 58 tsunamis have killed over 260,000 people, more than any other natural disaster. The highest number of deaths occurred in December 2004, when the Indian Ocean tsunami struck. It killed 227,000 people in 14 countries, including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand. Only three weeks after the tsunami, the international community gathered in Kobe, Japan, to adopt the 10-year Hyogo Framework for Action. This was the first comprehensive global disaster risk reduction agreement.

Asian Continental Chess C’ship: India’s R Praggnanandhaa and PV Nandidhaa win titles

Top-seeded Indian Grandmaster, R Praggnanandhaa and compatriot P V Nandhidhaa won the titles in the Open and women's sections respectively in the Asian Continental Chess championship.

Asian Continental Chess C'ship: India's R Praggnanandhaa and PV Nandidhaa win titles_40.1

Overview

Top-seeded Indian Grandmaster, R Praggnanandhaa and compatriot P V Nandhidhaa won the titles in the Open and women’s sections respectively in the Asian Continental Chess championship, in New Delhi. Praggnanandhaa drew with compatriot B Adhiban in a 63-move game in the ninth and final round to emerge clear winner with seven points. The 17-year-old Chennai player had gone into the final round with half a point lead over the rest of the field. He held off the challenge from the experienced Adhiban and shared honours to win the top prize.

Final placings Open: Men

1. R Praggnanandhaa 7 points,
2. Harsha Bharathakoti 6.5,
3. B Adhiban 6.5,

Final placings Open: Women

1. P V Nandhidhaa 7.5 points,
2. Priyanka Nutakki 6.5,
3. Divya Deshmukh

 

Adani New Industries installs India’s largest wind turbine, taller than Statue of Unity

Adani New Industries Ltd. has constructed a wind turbine in Mundra in Gujarat as part of its growth plans for renewable energy that is taller than the Statue of Unity.

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Overview

Adani New Industries Ltd:

Adani New Industries Ltd. has constructed a wind turbine in Mundra in Gujarat as part of its growth plans for renewable energy that is taller than the Statue of Unity and has blades that are broader than the wingspan of a jumbo jet. Adani New Industries Limited (ANIL) has announced the installation of the largest wind turbine generator (WTG) in the nation in Mundra, Gujarat.”

About the Mundra Windtech Ltd: 

  • Mundra Windtech Ltd (MWL), an Adani Enterprises Ltd. wholly-owned company, installed the turbine (AEL). This prototype is also Adani New Industries Ltd.’s (ANIL) first addition to its portfolio and has paved the way for the installation of even larger wind turbine generators, according to the company.
  • The wind turbine, which is 200 metres tall and can power over 4,000 households with 5.2 MW of electricity, can generate.
  • Its 160-meter-diameter rotor makes it the most powerful wind turbine in the world. The wind turbine generator’s hub height is 120 metres or roughly the height of a 40-story structure.
  • Over the past few years, the popularity of wind turbines has increased dramatically. Turbines of a capacity of 4 MW or more are typically installed offshore, where the machines can reach 14 MW in size.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams: 

  • Adani New Industries Ltd Founded: 1988;
  • Adani New Industries Ltd Headquarters: Ahmedabad;
  • Adani New Industries Ltd Owner: Gautam Adani.

Arunachal Pradesh MLA Jambey Tashi passes away.

Jambey Tashi, MLA from Lumla assembly seat in Arunachal Pradesh, passed away due to following illness.

Overview

Jambey Tashi, MLA from Lumla assembly seat in Arunachal Pradesh, passed away due to following illness. He was 48. Tashi was the sitting MLA from the Lumla Assembly constituency of Tawang district. He was holding the post of Advisor to the Planning and Investment Minister of the state. He died in a hospital in Guwahati.

About the Jambey Tashi:

Born on October 7, 1974, Tashi was actively involved in social activities right from the beginning and became an Anchal Samiti member in 2001. He was elected to the legislative assembly from his home constituency Lumla in 2009 unopposed and was appointed as Chairman State Medicinal Plants Board till 2011 and later became Parliamentary Secretary for Civil Aviation. He was re-elected to the legislative assembly for the 2nd term and held the post of Parliamentary Secretary.

During the 2019 assembly elections, he won the seat from Lumla for the third term. Tashi is survived by his wife, two daughters and one son. Deputy Chief Minister, Chowna Mein expressed extreme shock and sorrow on the sudden demise of Lumla MLA.